1851 US Postage Stamps 5 US 1851 US postage stamps 5A 1851 US postage stamps 6 1851 US Postage Stamps 6b 1851 US Postage Stamps 7 1851 US Postage Stamps 8 1851 US Postage Stamps 8A 1851 US Postage Stamps 9 1851 US Postage Stamps 1851 US Postage Stamp Essays

1851 1¢ - #5A

The value of the stamps Statistics and facts about the stamp
what you should look for how the stamp was made
Varieties of the stamp the making of the stamp

The Value of the Stamp

5A US postage Stamps of 1851

1¢ - Blue - Type Ib
As type I, except plume like scrolls at bottom are not complete
and balls below bottom label are not as well defined.

 Imperf - Scott #5A - 18
51
View larger image

  NY Auction Houses
  Used MH Used Graded
Fall 2003 - - $4,250 -
Spring 2004 - - $2,500-$4,000 -
Fall 2004 - - $4,500-$6,250 -
Spring 2005 - - - -
Fall 2005 - - $2,900-$3,750 -
Spring 2006 - $26,000 $2,600-$13,500 -
Fall 2006 - - $4,750-$7,250 -
Spring 2007 - - $15,000 -
Fall 2007 - - $7,000-$17,000 -
Spring 2008 - - $4,500-$15,500 -
Fall 2008 - - $9,000 85
Spring 2009 - - $3,750-$22,000 -
Fall 2009 - - - -
Spring 2010 - - $3,250-$6,250 -
- - $11,000-$11,250 80
- - $9,500 85
Fall 2010 - - $12,500 90
Spring 2011 - - - -
Fall 2011 - - $4,250-$6,000 -
2012 $5,000-$6,000 - $13,000 95
2013 - - $6,500 80
2014 - - - -
2015 - - - -
2016 - - - -

Statistics

Issued: July 1st, 1851

Plate Size: Sheets of 200 subjects (2 panes of 100).

Printer: Toppan, Carpenter, Casilier & Co. using the die-to-relief-to-plate transfer process.

Watermark: None

Quantity Issued: 210,000

Use: The one-cent stamp was required to pay the fee for drop letters and circulars under 500 miles. It was also the rate for Newspapers and Circulars.

What you should look for

Identifying #5A
(#5A is a Type Ib)

5A US Stamps

#5A is a Type Ib design. The design on the top and sides of Type Ib are complete. However the design at the bottom is not complete, some of the bottom ornaments have been burnished off, see the illustration above.

Type 1b can be found on six plate positions:

#6RIE and #8RIE
- the bottom ornaments have been burnished slightly

#3RIE, #4RIE, #5RIe and #9R1E - where the bottom ornaments have been burnished back a little more, see illustrations below.

5-5A strip US Postage Stamps
A strip of three showing positions #6RIE (#5A), #7RIE (#5) and #8R1E (#5A)

5A scotts US stamps
#5RIE (#5A)

Notes on #5A

1) There is no type 1b perforate.
2) Because they were burnished less, positions #6RIE and #8R1E are more valuable
3) A certificate is a must, never buy without one.

Why are there only six positions?

The design of this early issue was too large to allow for the accommodation of the 200 subjects onto one plate. Therefore, each position had to have some amount of the design erased to allow enough room. These erasures accounted for the majority of the types. Six positions, however, had only minimal erasure to the bottom of the design whilst the rest of the design was left complete

What exactly does position 6RIE, 8RIE etc mean excactly?

The first indicator is a number indicates its position on the plate, so 3RIE would have come from the third stamp on the plate. The number can range from 1 to 100, there being 100 stamps on each plate.

The second indicator is either the letter R or L, R indicates the stamp came from the right pane, L for the left pane. The stamp was printed in sheets of 200, each sheet was further divided into two panes of 100. Hence 3RIE would have come from the right pane as the second indicator in 3R1E is the letter R.

The third indicator can be from numbers I (1) to XII (12). This indicator is always shown in roman numerals. There were twelve plates, there are no stamps from plate VI (6) as it was destroyed before printing began (no doubt it was flawed). For example stamp 4RIL would have come from plate one (1).

The last or fourth indicator is either the letter E or L. The letter 'E' indicate an early state of the plate, the letter 'L' indicates the late state of the plate. This indicator only applies to PLATE I, as it is the only one that has an early and late plate. The early plate is the original plate. After 11 months the plate became worn and 199 of the 200 positions were recut. 113 positions on the plate had both top and bottom lines recut, 40 positions had only the top line recut, 8 positions had only the bottom line recut, 11 positions had a double recut at the bottom and 4 positions had a double recut at the top.

How many plates were there?

There were twelve plates of the 1¢ Franklin made, plate six was never used, probably due to it being damaged in it's creation. Most of the plates were used for both the imperforate and perforated design. Some only produced one type or the other. For instance, plate 12 produced only perforated stamps and the early state of Plate 1 produced only imperforate stamps whilst plate I late (reconstruction) produced both imperforate and perforated stamps. Plate 4 was the last of the imperforate plates to be used.

POSITION 4R1

The one stamp that did not get recut was position 4R1E, which is our #5A. After the recutting process the wear on this position is such that it is classified as a type II. Finding a 4R1L (from the late sheet) with an adjacent late plate stamp is one of the holy grails of collecting this issue.

Rescources available
http://www.slingshotvenus.com/FranklinArchive/frnkln_archv_Main.html
Stanley B. Ashbrook, The United States One Cent Stamp of 1851-1857.
Mortimer L. Neinken, U.S. One Cent Stamp of 1851-61.
The Ishikawa collection: United States 1851-1857 1 cent Blue Issue postage stamps in multiples and reconstructed plates.

PLATING #5A

Scott Number 5 identifying marks - US Postage Stamps
Position 8RIe
Positions 6R1e and 8R1e all have their bottom ornaments trimmed
back LESS than positions 3RIe, 4RIe, 5RIe and 9R1e

5-3R1e US Postage Stamps
Position 3RIe
Positions 3RIe, 4RIe, 5RIe and 9R1e all have their bottom ornaments trimmed
back MORE than positions 6R1e and 8R1e


Click here for a comprehensive, printable, identfication guide. Courtesy of Chris Biason (447kb)

 

The Inspiration for the Design

City Of Alpena
Benjamin Franklin
Jean-Jacques Caffieri (1725-1792)
Marble, 25" high
The Peabody Collection, Maryland

The design was based off Jean-Jacques Caffieri's bust of Franklin.

Varieties to look for

THE SIX POSITIONS OF #5A

5A Varieties US Postage Stamps

5A 6R1E

Position #61RE

The Essay's and Proofs

franklin vignette
Vignette of Ben Franklin
Imperf essay on laid india paper


Unlisted 1¢ Liberty
Black, Vignette Die Essay on Proof paper
frame similar to 5¢ Jefferson
Probably attributable to Toppan, Carpenter, Casilier and Co.


5-E1a
Black, Vignette Die Essay on India


5-E1var
Black, Vignette Die Essay on India
Unlisted showing both Franklin and Washington


5-E1b
Black, Vignette Die Essay on Proof Paper


5-E1f
Black, Vignettes Die Essay on Proof Paper


5-E2
6¢ Black
Die Essay on India
The value was later changed to 1¢, as this rate was
deemed more useful than the 6¢ rate slated for long distance
foriegn mail.

5TC1

5-TC1
1¢ Black
Color Trial
Large Die
Color proof on white card

1851 US Postage Stamps 5 US 1851 US postage stamps 5A 1851 US postage stamps 6 1851 US Postage Stamps 6b 1851 US Postage Stamps 7 1851 US Postage Stamps 8 1851 US Postage Stamps 8A 1851 US Postage Stamps 9 1851 US Postage Stamps 1851 US Postage Stamp Essays