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1851 10¢ - #14



10¢ - Green, dark green or yellowish green - Type II
Bottom line broken and lower shells partly cut away at right and left.
Top and Side designs complete.
Plate position dot near top left corner if not cut away.
Imperf - Scott #14 - 1855

Deduct 40% for pen cancels for three margins, deduct 40% of three margins,
60% for two margins and for no margins deduct 80%

Value

(with 4 margins around the design)
Used: $45- $85
No postmark with gum (MH): $2,200-$6,000
Full perfect gum, no postmark, no trace of stamp hinge mark (MNH): Does not exist

Statistics

Date of Issue:
May, 1855

Earliest Known Date of Use:
May 12th, 1855

Plate Size:
Sheets of 200 subjects (2 panes of 100).
Only one plate was used, plate #1.

Printer:
Toppan, Carpenter, Casilier & Co. using the die-to-relief-to-plate transfer process.

Watermark:
None

Quantity Issued:
2,300,000

Use:
The Letter Rate for distances greater than 3,000 and under ½ oz was 10¢, the domestic
rate for letters over ½ oz. Because of this the 10¢ stamp was relatively common. Not
only used for foreign mail, it was used for coast to coast mail when the rate for the latter
was raised from 6¢ to 10¢ in 1855.


What you should look for

Identifying #14
(a type II printing)

13 identification guide - Scotts - US Postage Stamps

All the ten cent stamps were printed from just one plate, plate #1.

13 plate positions US stamps

Click the chart above for a full scale chart of the plate positions

#14 or Type II stamps (also known as 'relief A' stamps) were the most common stamps from the plate (#1).


The stamps come in a whole range of greens, ranging from light green to dark green.
The darker the shade of green, the more desirable.


The 10¢ value was printed with wider spaces between the stamps than the 1¢, 3¢ and 5¢
values, consequently copies with less than four margins are sold at a heavy discount.

Plate I versus Plate II

1851 10c identification guide - Scotts - US Postage Stamps

Before the perforated stamps were printed the transfer plates were trimmed at the sides in order
to have wider margins, thereby assisting the postal clerk in cutting the stamps. As a result the edge
pearls were lost as were the edge of the curls at the sides.

THE IMPRINT

1851 10c identification guide - Scotts - US Postage Stamps

The imprint was centered in the left and right margin of the sheets. There is a price premium
for stamps with a partial portion of the imprint. The plate number of the sheet is under the printers name.

John Casilear

John Casilear

John Casilear joined the firm of Toppan, Carpenter, Casilear & Co. in 1850
two years after its formation. He was a renowned master engraver.

CANCELS


Because this stamp was used mainly for foreign mail expect to see quite a few red transit cancels. West coast
cancels are rare and add a price premium. Grid and circular date cancels are the most common, with the
Boston grid 'PAID' cancel. New York and New Orleans cancels being the most prevelant of these.

13 fancy cancel Scotts - US Postage Stamps

A rare fancy cancel
Fancy cancels are are rare on all imperfs

14 transit mark Scotts - US Postage Stamps

An example showing a red transit mark
Transit marks add interest but rarely do they add value

The Inspiration for the Design

gilbert stuart george washington portrait

George Washington 1743-1826
painted by Gilbert Stuart 1755-1799
Known as the The Athenaeum it was painted in 1796 by Gilbert Stuart


Perhaps the most famous portrait in the US, probably due to the fact that it's presence graces
the front of the $1 bill, this portrait was in fact unfinished at the time of Gilbert's death in
1828. It now hangs in the Boston Museum of Fine Art (Gilbert was one of Boston's more famous sons).

An excellent website on this portrait can be found here.

gilbert stuart self portrait
Gilbert Stuart Self Portrait

Varieties to look for

Position #31L1

There are a number of small variences, however there is one major re-entry, that being position 31L1.
The re-entry is at the to and is the most pronounced shift in the three postions that have this
characteristic.

 

The Essay's and Proofs

15 TC

15-TC1
Trial Color Proof

 

1851 US Postage Stamps 5 US 1851 Scotts - US Postage Stamps 5A 1851 Scotts - US Postage Stamps 6 1851 Scotts - US Postage Stamps 6b 1851 Scotts - US Postage Stamps 7 1851 Scotts - US Postage Stamps 8 1851 Scotts - US Postage Stamps 8A 1851 Scotts - US Postage Stamps 9 1851 Scotts - US Postage Stamps 1851 US Postage Stamp Essays