Purple or dull purple
Subject: Columbus welcomed at Barcelona
Number issued: 4,707,550
Scott #: 235
Issued: January 1st, 1893
$1 - £2
No postmark with gum (MH)
$6 - $11
Full perfect gum, no postmark
no trace of stamp hinge mark (MNH)
$50 - $75
The stamp was printed in various shades of purple, all of which were highly fugitive in nature, and it is unfortunately true that a great many of the copies now available have faded to a very marked degree. Such stamps have often faded down to a dull blue shade. It is remarkable how short an exposure to direct sunlight is necessary to badly fade these stamps. As a matter of fact, very few of the copies now seen can be said to be in a shade that approxiimately mates the original shade as issued.
Stamps without fading should have a higher value.
This 6¢ Columbian was used to pay part of the standard first-class rate and registered mail fee which totaled 10¢
A forgery of #235
6¢ - Red Violet
There is no difference in value between 235 and 235a
About 70% of the 6¢ Colombian are of this shade
A pane of 100 of #235, there are two panes to a sheet of 200
The design was taken from one of the panels of the Bronze doors designed by Randolph Rogers. These are located in the Capitol building in Washington DC.
A 6¢ Columbian postmarked on the closing day of the Columbian Expo., October 30, 1893
#235 was issued with the following plate #
Columbian large die proof die sunk on 110x101mm card
Plate proof on India
Plate proof on thin card
An American Bank Note Company set of proofs mounted on card and signed by the engravers
On the occasion of the 400th anniversary of the Landing of Columbus the largest Exposition ever held on US soil was held in Chicago. The Post Office was determined not to miss out on this and proposed a series of stamps to commemorate the event. The purpose behind this was three fold
1) To encourage the purchase of stamps by the public
2) To stimulate the hobby of stamp collecting
3) To make a tidy profit
It was estimated that 3 Billion stamps would be sold and between September and the end of December 1892 work progressed on their production.
The Post Office's plan of their exhibition space at the Chicago Exposition
At the Exposition the Post Office was in the US Government Building and had been given a vast amount of display space. The display cases showcased stamps from the very earliest days of stamps to 1892 both in the US and around the world. Postal cards were sold in every building and of course one could purchase the new Columbian series stamps.
The US Government building at the World's Columbian Exposition
The Post Office Dept. informed all post offices that they would not be able to order the new series on an 'as needed' basis as was the normal procedure. Instead they would be sent an amount the powers to be deemed sufficient. Plus the department would not accept any returns and they would not be issued any other stamps until they had run out the new series. This caused much complaining by the post office owners, complaints were coming in that these stamps were too big, being twice the size of current issue (this was done to accommodate the expansive designs).
The Post Office display space at the World's Fair
The post offices need not have worried. The stamps proved to be immensely popular. So much so that Post Offices refused to sell the higher values for fear of running out. The price of these skyrocketed as a result. Companies instructed their offices to use the higher values on internal parcels so they could benefit from their sale when delivered to their branch offices. US travellers in Europe were accosted for them, they were even traded on bourses.
And then like all bubbles, it collapsed. Before you knew it the $5 stamps were being sold at a steep discount. Being totally useless for letters, and with a world glut the price dropped like a stone, at one point stamp dealers would only offer 30% of the face value for them.