Lilac and black, light purplish brown and black, claret and black
Printing Method: FLAT PLATE
Subject: Poe Canal Lock
Number issued: 4,921,700
Watermark: Double Line USPS
Scott #: 298
Issued: May 1st, 1901
$1 - $4
No postmark with gum (MH)
$22.50 - $50
Full perfect gum, no postmark
no trace of stamp hinge mark (MNH)
$75 - $95
#298 was issued with the following plate #'s
Two panes of #298. Each pane had 100 stamps, there were two panes to a sheet of 200
For the vignette was based on this photo of the Poe Canal Lock, Sault Ste. Marie, located on the St Mary's River between Lake Superior and Lake Huron.
The Poe Canal Lock, built in 1896 by the Army Corps of Engineers, was the largest or longest in the world. The lock was also the first to use electricity.
The Poe Canal Lock, 1900
First day cover, May 1st, 1901
Pen and ink sketch of frame - 298-E4
Pen and ink frame essay on India, 298-E5
Plate Essay, #298-P1
Proof on India mounted card, 298-P2
The Pan American Exposition was originally planned for 1898 but due to the outbreak of the Spanish American War it was delayed. The Exposition was going to be located at Niagara falls, however due to the mist from the falls, access only being by boat and the size of the site being too small for the envisioned crowds, it was decided to move the Exposition to nearby Buffalo, NY, Buffalo was much better suited to the event. It was held from May 1 through November 2, 1901.
Construction was started in 1899 over a 350 acre site. The videos below don't show the fact that it was a very colorful exposition, the idea being it was to be a 'Rainbow City' in the Spanish Renaissance style. The whole expo was lit up at night, which was quite a feat as the electric light had only recently been invented. This was recorded by Thomas Edison, the video can be seen below.
The Exposition is probably best known for being the scene of President McKinley's assassination. The site of the Expo was on farmers land who has promised that the land would be returned to him in the state they found it, after the Expo had finished. For this reason all the buildings were demolished and the canals filled in. The Exposition should have been a great success, but bad weather and the assassination put a damper on things and it ended up in debt.
The only building to still remain today from the 1901 Pan-American Exposition is the Buffalo and Erie County Historical Society, it was originally called the New York State Pavilion
A ticket to the Exposition
A postcard highlighting the electric lighting at the Exposition