2¢ - Carmine Rose, Dark Carmine Rose
Printing Method: Flat plate
Subject: The Liberty Bell
Number issued: 307,731,900
Scott #: 627
Issued: May 10th, 1926
20¢ - 30¢
No postmark with gum (MH)
25¢ - 50¢
Full perfect gum, no postmark
no trace of stamp hinge mark (MNH)
$1 - $3
A sheet of 50 of #627, there are four panes to a sheet of 200
The vignette was not based on the actual Liberty Bell but the replica that served as the entrance to the 1926 Sesqui-Centennial International Exposition, Philadelphia. (see below)
A first day cover of #627, May 10th, 1926 with Exposition cancellation
#627 was issued with the following plate #'s
18634-41, 46-53, 64-67
Large die proof on India die sunk on card
To commemorate the one hundred and fiftieth anniversary of the signing of the Declaration of Independence a worlds fair was held in Philadelphia in 1926.
As with previous world fairs the sponsors could not agree how the worlds fair could benefit the local business community. With everyone advancing their own interests. The population of Philadelphia was not in favour of the fair, seeing little benefit for them, in fact they thought they would be taxed to pay for it as they had turned their back on the shares that were offered. The people did want the fair in their town so the organizers were left with building the fair on swampy ground outside the town. This fair was following the playbook of the disastrous Jamestown Exhibition (see #330).
Due to a labor shortage the construction wages were higher than anticipated and because of its location a whole new infrastructure had to be built. This would mean new sewers, roads, communication links etc etc. With little money coming in and a lot going out they needed to make the fair a success to recoup the investment.
Despite this the organizers did build five large palaces and a 18th reconstruction street. They even started construction on a 75-foot tall Tower of Light that was designed to cast a beam of light seventy miles. And that is where the money ran out, half way up the tower. And folks were unimpressed by what was on offer. Not many came. So bad was attendance it opened for an extra month to try and sell their unsold stock.
And there it ended, $5.8 million in debt and a city that never again wanted to see a worlds fair (even saying no to a 1976 bicentennial worlds fair fifty years later).
The Horticultural Hall
The Main Building with the railroad station in the foreground
The Government Building with the railroad station in the foreground. Travel from one 'pavilion' to another was by railroad. In contrast to previous world fairs where the distance between the pavilions was filled with attractions, this world fair had 'grass and twigs'.
Inside the Government Building, here happy visitors could look at census forms. Disney World was a long way off.