See below for details
For assistance in identifying #25 and #25A please scroll further down
3¢ Dull rose claret, brownish-claret, plum, and brownish-carmine
Printing Method: Die-to-relief-to-plate transfer process
Plate: plates 2 thru 8
Printer: Toppan, Carpenter & Co.
Subject: George Washington
Number issued: 38,271,500
Perforations: Perforated 15
Scott #: 25
Issued: February 28th, 1857
$40 - $120 (four margins)
$7.50 - $12 (three margins)
No postmark with gum (MH)
$200 - $300 (four margins)
Full perfect gum, no postmark
no trace of stamp hinge mark (MNH)
$2,500 - $5,000
Jean-Antoine Houdon (1741-1828)
Marble, 25" high
Located at Mount Vernon, Virginia
Along the side margin of the sheet can be found the Printers imprint along with the plate number
Extremely rare and not cataloged by Scotts. Last seen at an auction in 1973
Earliest use of a perforated stamp, February 28th, 1857, the first day of issue
Largest known used multiple
Cover mailed on the first day of the Civil War
From Beaufort, SC, to Savannah, GA
Feb 4th, 1861
The three cent stamp paid the ordinary letter rate, and two or more would be required on double, triple, etc., letters. The single postage to California was six cents which was the double letter rate. There was also the double rate to California supplied by four three cent stamps, etc. Double rate was defined as a distance exceeding 3,000 miles. A letter weighing less than ½ an ounce was single rate. Each additional ½ ounce was charged an additional single stamp (with the exception of CA, where it would an additional two stamps).
The foreign rate was supplied by the 10 and 20¢ rate, so strips or singles of the 3¢ can be found on these as well. At this time pre payment of envelopes was optional. Many chose to have the letter paid for by recipient at the foreign destination.
Known as the forked lightning crack on plate 7 (48R7) the crack is visible in the upper right rosette.
A contemporary banknote printed by Toppan, Carpenter with the same vignette as #21