12¢ Claret brown, deep claret brown, dark claret brown
Printing Method: FLAT PLATE
Subject: Benjamin Franklin
Number issued: 36,250,000
Watermark: Single line USPS wmk
Scott #: 435
Issued: September 10, 1914
$1 - $4
No postmark with gum (MH)
$8 - $25
Full perfect gum, no postmark
no trace of stamp hinge mark (MNH)
$18 - $24
Pale copper red, copper red, deep copper red. Copper Red
This denomination was used to pay the registration fee of 12¢
The watermark consists of single lined USPS letters. A stamp may show only part of a letter or letters
At the time this twelve cent stamp was being printed, the Bureau of Engraving and Printing was having considerable trouble in securing proper inks, and the red which was used as the basic color of this stamp was most difficult to obtain. There are two distinct groups of color of this stamp. One group being copper red while the others were claret brown as was the previous issues. The troubles of the Bureau in obtaining satisfactory ink was noted in the philatelic writings of the time. The August 1915 number of the Phiilatelic Gazette gives the following comment :
"Through the efforts of the Bureau of Engraving and Printing and other interested parties, Great Britain has agreed to allow all dyes and chemicals not manufactured here to be shipped from Germany. This means our current two cent value will shortly go back to its former deep color."
This new arrangement affected the color of the twelve cent and the copper red color seemed to give way to the use of claret brown.
Several part perf. varieties of this stamp have been found.
The earliest known use of #435, February 22nd, 1915
#435 was issued with the following plate #'s
6900-02, 10, 13
A pane of 100, there are four panes to a sheet